Clinical Publications 2015



Bellhouse C, Crebbin S, Fairley CK, Bilardi JE. The impact of sex work on women’s personal romantic relationships and the mental separation of their work and personal lives: A mixed-methods study.PLoS ONE. 10(10):e0141575 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141575

Bissessor M, Whiley DM, Snow A, Lee DM, Fairley CK, Peel J, Bradshaw CS, Hocking JS, Lahra MM, Chen MY . Detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae from the tonsils and posterior oropharynx. J Clin Microbiol. 2015. 53(11):3624-3626 doi: 10.1128/JCM.01647-15

Bissessor M, Tabrizi SN, Twin J, Abdo H, Fairley CK, Chen MY, Vodstrcil LA, Jensen JS, Hocking JS, Garland SN, Bradshaw CS. Macrolide resistance and azithromycin failure in a Mycoplasma genitalium-infected cohort, and response of azithromycin failures to alternative antibiotic regimens. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2015. 60(8): 1228-1236. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu1162

Boyd MA, Donovan B, Prestage G, Chen M, Peteumenos K, Gray R, Guy R, Rogers GB, C Bourne, Klausner JD. Is it time to rethink syphilis control? Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2015. 60(2): 325-326 doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu813 (LETTER)
Braun LA, Forrester CA, Rawlins MDM, Levy RW, Penm J, Graham MM, Mackie KF, Aran S, Bridle S, Bailey MJ, Duncan AJ. Complementary medicine use by people living with HIV in Australia – a national survey. International Journal of STD & AIDS. 2015 doi: 10.1177/0956462415573122

Bradshaw CS, Brotman RM. Making inroads into improving treatment of bacterial vaginosis – striving for long-term cure. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2015. 15:292 doi:10.1186/s12879-015-1027-4

Buckley C, Trembizki E, Baird RW, Chen M, Donovan B, Freeman K, Goire N, Guy R, Lahra MM, Regan D, Whiley DM. Multitarget PCR Assay for Direct Detection of Penicillinase-Producing Neisseria gonorrhoeae for Enhanced Surveillance of Gonococcal Antimicrobial Resistance. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2015. 53(8): 2706-2708.


Causer LM. Kaldor JM, Conway DP, Leslie DE, Denham I, Karapanagiotidis T, Ryan C, Wand H, Anderson DA, Robertson PW, McNaulty AM, Donovan B, Fairley CK, Guy R. An evaluation of a novel dual treponemal/nontreponemal Point-of-Care test for syphilis as a tool to distinguish active from past treatment infection. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2015. 61(2): 184-191 doi: 10.1093/cid/civ243

Chen MY, Tabrizi SN. Challenges to the management of curable sexually transmitted infections. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2015. 15:337 doi: 10.1186/s12879-015-1061-2

Chow EPF, Bellhouse C, Gamagedara N, Fairley CK. HIV notification “rate”: a more accurate and useful indicator to measure the HIV epidemic. JAIDS. 2015. 70(2): e61-62 doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000757 (Letter) (pdf, 319kb, 2pp)

Chow EPF, Danielewski JA, Fehler G, Tabrizi SN, Law MG, Bradshaw CS, Garland SM, Chen MY, Fairley CK. Human papillomavirus in young women with Chlamydia trachomatis infection 7 years after the Australian human papillomavirus vaccination programme: a cross-sectional study. Lancet Infect Dis. 2015. 15(11):1314-23 doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00055-9

Chow EPF, Fairley CK. A second peak in genital warts in later life suggests behavioural factors explain a second peak in human papillomavirus prevalence in older women. Sexual Health. 2015. 12(4): 277-278 doi:10.1071/SH15097

Chow EPF, Read TRH, Chen MY, Fehler G, Bradshaw CS, Fairley CK. Routine CD4 cell count monitoring seldom contributes to clinical decision making on antiretroviral therapy in virologically suppressed HIV patients. HIV Medicine. 2015. 16(3): 196-200 doi: 10.1111/hiv.12198 

Chow EPF, Tomnay J, Fehler G, Whiley D, Read TRH, Denham I, Bradshaw CS, Chen MY, Fairley CK. Substantial increases in chlamydia and gonorrhea positivity unexplained by changes in individual-level sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men in an Australian sexual health service from 2007-2013. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2015; 42(2): 81-87. doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000232 


Drolet M, Bernard E, Boily MC, Ali H, Baandrup L, Bauer H, Brisson J, Brotherton J, Cummings T, Donovan B, Fairley CK, Flagg EW, Kahn J, Kavanagh K, Kjaer SK, Kliewer E, Lemieux-Mellouki P, Markowitz L, Mboup A, Mesher D, Niccolai L, Oliphant J, Pollock L, Soldan K, Sonnenberg P, Tabrizi S, Tanton C, Brisson M. Population-level impact and herd effects following human papillomavirus vaccination programmes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2015. 15(5): 565-580 doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(14)71073-4


Forcey DS, Vodstrcil LA, Hocking JS, Fairley CK, Law M, McNair RP, Bradshaw CS. Factors associated with bacterial vaginosis among women who have sex with women: A systematic review. PLOS ONE. 2015.10(12):e0141905. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0141905

Foster R, McAllister J, Read TR, Pierce AB, Richardson R, McNulty A, Carr A. Single-Tablet Emtricitabine-Rilpivirine-Tenofovir as HIV Postexposure Prophylaxis in Men Who Have Sex With Men. Clin Infect Dis. 2015. 61(8): 1336-1341 doi: 10.1093/cid/civ511


Ong JJ, Temple-Smith M, Chen MY, Walker S, Grulich AE, Hoy J, Fairley CK. Why are we not screening for anal cancer routinely - HIV physicians' perspectives on anal cancer and its screening in HIV-positive men who have sex with men: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health. 2015. 15:67. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1430-1


Guy R, Ward J, Wand H, Rumbold A, Garton L, Hengel B, Silver B, Taylor-Thomson D, Knox J, McGregor S, Dyda A, Fairley CK, Maher L, Donovan B, Kaldor J. Coinfection with Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Trichomonas vagialis: a cross-sectional analysis of positivity and risk factors in remote Australian Aboriginal communities.Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2015. 91(3): 201-206 doi:10.1136/sextrans-2014-051535


Hui B, Fairley CK, Chen MY, Grulich AE, Hocking J, Prestage G, Walker S, Law M, Regan D. Oral and anal sex are key to sustaining gonorrhoea at endemic levels in MSM populations: a mathematical model. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2015. 91(5): 365-369 doi:10.1136/sextrans-2014-051760

Hui BB, Ryder N, Su JY, Ward J, Chen MY, Donovan B, Fairley CK, Guy RJ, Lahra MM, Law MG, Whiley DM, Regan DG. Exploring the benefits of molecular testing for gonorrhoea antibiotic resistance surveillance in remote settings. PLoS ONE. 2015. 10(7): e0133202 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0133202

Huffam S, Chow EPF, Fairley CK, Hocking JS, Peel J, Chen MY. Chlamydia infection in individuals reporting sex contact with sexual partners with chlamydia: a cross sectional study of sexual health clinic attendees. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2015. 91(6): 434-439 doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2015-052068


Jamil MS, Prestage G, Fairley CK, Smith KS, Kaldor JM, Grulich AE, McNulty AM, Chen M, Holt M, Conway DP, Wand H, Keen P, Batrouney C, Bradley J, Bavinton BR, Ryan D, Russell D, Guy RJ.  Rationale and design of FORTH: a randomised controlled trial assessing the effectiveness of HIV self-testing in increasing HIV testing frequency among gay and bisexual men. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2015. 15:561 doi: 10.1186/s12879-015-1300-6


Klassen KM, Fairley CK, Chen M, Kimlin MG, Karahalios A, Ebeling PRVitamin D Deficiency May Be Associated with a More Rapid Decline in CD4 Cell Count to <350 Cells/µL in Untreated HIV-Infected Adults. Current HIV Research. 2015. 13(6): 517-523 doi: 10.2174/1570162X13666150608102030  

Klassen KM,  Fairley CK, Limlin MG, Kelly M, Read TRH, Broom J, Russell DB, Ebeling PR. Ultraviolet index and location are important determinants of vitamin D status in people with human immunodeficiency virus. Photochemistry & Photobiology. 2015. 91(2): 431-437 doi: 10.1111/php.12390


Lau A, Bradshaw CS, Lewis D, Fairley CK, Chen MY, Kong FYS, Hocking JS. The efficacy of azithromycin for the treatment of genital Mycoplasma genitalium: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2015. 61(9): 1389-1399 doi: 10.1093/cid/civ644

Lorch R, Hocking J, Guy R, Vaisey A, Wood A, Donovan B, Fairley CK, Gunn J, Temple-Smith M. Do Australian general practitioners believe practice nurses can take a role chlamydia testing? A qualitative study of attitudes and opinions. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2015. 15(1): 757 doi:10.1186/s12879-015-0757-7

Lin AC, Fairley CK, Dutt K, Klassen KM, Chen MY, Fehler G, Law M, Bradshaw CS, Denham I, Read TRH, Chow EPF. Testing for HIV among men who have sex with men needs a paradigm shift in Australia, given the minimal increase between 2003 and 2013 in Melbourne, Australia. Sexual Health. 2015. 12(5): 373-382 doi:10.4071/SH14167


Marinelli T, Chow EPF, Tomnay J, Fehler G, Bradshaw CS, Chen MY, Forcey DS, Fairley CK. Rate of repeat diagnoses in men who have sex with men for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae: a retrospective cohort study. Sexual Health. 2015. 12(5): 418-424 doi: 10.1071/SH14234 

Medland NA, McMahon JH, Chow EP, Elliott JH, Hoy JF, Fairley CK. The HIV care cascade: a systematic review of data sources, methodology and comparability. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2015. 18:20634 doi: 10.7448/IAS.18.1.20634



Prestage G, Brown G, De Wit J, Bavinton B, Fairley CK, Maycock B, Batrouney C, Keen P, Down IA, Hammoud MA, Zablotska I. Understanding gay community subcultures: implications for HIV prevention. AIDS and Behaviour2015 Dec;19(12):2224-33. doi: 10.1007/s10461-015-1027-9


Smith KS, Hocking JS, Chen MY, Fairley CK, McNulty AM, Read P, Bradshaw CS, Tabrizi SN, Wand H, Saville M, Rawlinson W, Garland SM, Donovan B, Kaldor JM, Guy RJ.Dual intervention to increase chlamydia retesting: a randomised controlled trial in three populations. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2015. 49(1): 1-11 doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2015.01.014


Tong WWY, Shepherd K, Garland SM, Meagher A, Templeton DJ, Fairley CK, Jin F, Poynten M, Zaunders J, Hillman RJ, Gruclich AE. Kelleher AD, Carr A. Human Papillomavirus 16-Specific T-Cell Responses and Spontaneous Regression of Anal High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2015. 211(3):405-15. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiu461


Wilkinson A, El-Hayek C, Hellard ME. McBryde E, Leslie D, Spelman D, Fairley CK, Stoove M. Seek, test, treat lessons from Australia:  a study of HIV testing patterns from a cohort of MSM. JAIDS 2015. 69(4): 460-465 .doi:1097.1097/QAI.000000000000013

Wright EJ, Grund B, Cysique LA, Robertson KR, Brew BJ, Collins G, Shlay JC, Winston A, Read TR, Price RW. Factors associated with neurocognitive test performance at baseline: a substudy of the INSIGHT Strategic Timing of AntiRetroviral Treatment (START) trial. HIV Medicine. 2015. 1:97-108. doi: 10.1111/hiv.


Yeung A, Hocking JS, Fairley CK, Temple-Smith M. Narrative review of the barriers and facilitators to chlamydia testing in general practice. Australian Journal of Primary Health. 2015. 21(2): 139-147. doi:10.1071/PY13158 doi: 10.1071/PY13158


Zhang L, Chow EPF, Su S, Yiu WL, Zhang X, Iu KI, Tung K, Zhao R, Sun P, Sun X, Yuan L, Muessig KE, Tucker JD, Jing J. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence, trends, and geographical distribution of HIV among female sex workers (2000-2011): implications for preventing sexually transmitted HIV. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2015; 39: e76-e86

Zou H, Tabrizi SN, Grulich AE, Hocking JS, Bradshaw CS, Cornall AM, Morrow A, Prestage G, Law MG, Garland SM, Chen MY, Fairley CK. Site-specific human papillomavirus infection in adolescent men who have sex with men: an observational cohort study. The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 2015. 15(1) 65-73.

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