Clinical Publications 2020



Audsley J, Avihingsanon A, Littlejohn M, Bowden S, Matthews GV, Fairley CK, Lewin SR, Sasadeusz J. Long-term TDF-inclusive ART and progressive rates of HBsAg loss in HIV-HBV co-infection – lessons for functional HBV cure? J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2020; 84(5):527–533 doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002386


Bell S, Aggleton P, Ward J, Murray W, Silver B, Lockyer A, Ferguson T, Fairley CK, Whiley D, Ryder D, Donovan B, Guy R, Kaldor J, Maher L. Young Aboriginal people’s engagement with STI testing in the Northern Territory, Australia. BMC Public Health. 2020; 20:459 doi:10.1186/s12889-020-08565-0

Bradley C, Hengel B, Crawford K, Elliott S, Donovan B, Mak DB, Nattabi B, Johnson D, Guy R, Fairley CK, Wand H, Ward J. Establishment of a sentinel surveillance network for sexually transmissible infections and blood borne viruses in Aboriginal primary care services across Australia: the ATLAS project. BMC Health Services Research. 2020; 20(769): 1-8  doi:10.1186/s12913-020-05388-y

Burrell S, Vodstrcil LA, Fairley CK, Kilner A,  Bradshaw CS, Chen MY, Chow EPF. Hepatitis A vaccine uptake among gay and bisexual men who have sex with men form a time-limited vaccination programme in Melbourne in 2018. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2020; 96(2): 110-114 doi:10.1136/sextrans-2019-054132  


Charleson FJ, Fairley CK, Hocking JS, Vodstrcil LA, Bradshaw CS, Chow EPF. Age, ethnic and travel-related disparities in kissing and sexual practices among heterosexual men in Melbourne, Australia. Sexual Health. 2020; 17(3): 279-287 doi:10.1071/SH19230 

Chen Y, Ji H, Shao J, et al. Different Hepatitis C Virus Infection Statuses Show a Significant Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Network Meta-Analysis. Dig Dis Sci. 2020;65(7):1940-1950 doi:10.1007/s10620-019-05918-7 

Chow EPF, Bradshaw CS, Williamson DA, Hall S, Chen MY, Phillips TR, Fortune R, Maddaford K, Fairley CK. Changing from clinician-collected to self-collected throat swabs for oropharyngeal gonorrhoea and chlamydia screening among men who have sex with men. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2020; 58(9): e01215-20 doi:10.1128/JCM.01215-20

Chow EPF, Hocking JS, Ong JJ, Phillips TR, Fairley CK. Postexposure prophylaxis during COVID-19 lockdown in Melbourne, Australia. The Lancet HIV. 2020; 7(8): e528-529 doi: 10.1016/S2352-3018(20)30204-6

Chow EPF, Hocking JS, Ong JJ, Schmidt T, Buchanan A, Rodriguez E, Maddaford K, Patel P, Fairley CK. Changing the use of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis among men who have sex with men during the COVID-19 pandemic in Melbourne, Australia. Open Forum Infectious Diseases. 2020; 7(7): ofaa275 doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofaa275

Chow EPF, Vodstrcil L, Fairley CK. Seasonal variations in kissing and sexual activities among men who have sex with men in Melbourne, Australia: implications for seasonal STI preventions and interventions.  Sexual Health. 2020; 17(2):149-154  doi:10.1071/SH19046

Chow EPF, Ong JJ, Vodstrcil LA, Fairley CK. Drug use and the influence on kissing among gay and bisexual men who have sex with men in Melbourne, Australia. International Journal of STD & AIDS. 2020; 31(1): 16-21  doi:10.1177/0956462419878338

Chow EPF, Aung ET, Chen MY, Bradshaw CS, Fairley CK. Human papillomavirus vaccination and sexual practices among men who have sex with men in Melbourne, Australia: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of STD & AIDS. 2020; 31(4): 312–317  doi:10.1177/0956462419897514

Chow EPF, Phillips TR, Bradshaw CS, Chen MY, Fairley CK. Sexual Mixing Patterns by HIV Status and PrEP Use Among Men Who Have Sex With Men Partnerships in Melbourne, 2011-2018. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2020; 83(2): 99-102. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002231

Cornelisse VJ, Chow EPF, Latimer RL, Towns J, Chen MY, Bradshaw CS, Fairley CK. Getting to the bottom of it: Sexual positioning and stage of syphilis at diagnosis, and implications for syphilis screening. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2020 Jul 11;71(2):318-322 doi:10.1093/cid/ciz802 

Comninos NB, Garton LM, Guy RJ, Callander D, Fairley CK, Grulich AE, Donovan B, Goddard SL, Rutherford A, Templeton DJ. Significant increases in pharyngeal Neisseria Gonorrhoeae, positivity in men who sex with men, 2011-2015: An observational study. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2020; 96(6): 432-435 doi:10.1136/sextrans-2019-054107 


Davis SK, Selva KJ, Kent SJ, Chung AW. Serum IgA Fc effector functions in infectious disease and cancer. Immunol Cell Biol. 2020 Apr;98(4):276-286. doi: 10.1111/imcb.12306

Doyle M, Vodstrcil LA, Plummer EL, Aguirre I, Fairley CK, Bradshaw CS. Nonquinolone Options for the Treatment of Mycoplasma genitalium in the Era of Increased Resistance. Open Forum Infectious Diseases. 2020; 7(8): ofaa291 doi.10.1093/ofid/ofaa291 

Durukan D, Doyle M, Murray G, Bodiyabadu K, Vodstrcil LA, Chow EPF, Jensen JJ, Fairley CK, Aguirre, Bradshaw CS. Doxycycline and Sitafloxacin Combination Therapy for Treating Highly Resistant Mycoplasma genitalium. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2020; 26(8): 1870-1874. doi:10.3201/eid2608.191806

Durukan D, Read TRH, Bradshaw CS, Fairley CK, Williamson D, De Petra V, Maddaford K, Wigan R, Chen MY, Tran A, Chow EPF. Pooling pharyngeal, anorectal and urogenital samples for screening asymptomatic men who have sex with men for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2020; 58(5): e01969-19 doi:10.1128/JCM.01969-19


Han X, Wu C, Yan X, Keel S, Shang X, Zhang L, He M. Are smoking intensity and cessation related to cataract surgical risk in diabetic patients? Findings from the 45 and Up Study. Eye. 2020; 34:383-391 doi: 10.1038/s41433-019-0550-8

Huang R, Luo G, Duan Q, Zhang L, Zhang Q, Tang W, Smith MK, Li J, Zou H. Using Baidu search index to monitor and predict newly diagnosed cases of HIV/AIDS, syphilis and gonorrhea in China: estimates from a vector autoregressive (VAR) model. BMJ Open. 2020;10:e036098. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036098


Juno JA, Kent SJ. What Can Gamma Delta T Cells Contribute to an HIV Cure? Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology. 2020;10(233) doi:10.3389/fcimb.2020.00233 


Kelly HG, Tan HX, Juno JA, Esterbauer R, Ju Y, Jiang W, Wimmer VC, Duckworth BC, Groom JR, Caruso F, Kanekiyo M, Kent SJ, Wheatley AK. Self-assembling influenza nanoparticle vaccines drive extended germinal center activity and memory B cell maturation. JCI Insight. 2020 May 21;5(10):e136653 doi:10.1172/jci.insight.136653 

Kong FYS, Hocking JS, Fairley CK. Is there a future for the ongoing use of azithromycin for the treatment of Neisseria gonorrhoeae? Clinical Microbiology and Infection. 2020; 26(2): 137-139 doi.10.1016/j.cmi.2019.10.015 


Latimer RL, Vodstrcil LA, De Petra V, Fairley CK, Read TRH, Williamson D, Chow EPF, Bradshaw CS. Extragenital Mycoplasma genitalium infections amongst men who have sex with men. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2020; 96(1):10-18  doi:10.1136/sextrans-2019-054058 

Lau A, Kong FY, Fairley CK, Templeton DJ, Amin J, Boyd MA, Bradshaw CS, Donovan B, Khaw C, Lewis DA, McNulty A, Regan DG, Ratnayake M, Hocking JS. Factors associated with early resumption of condomless anal sex among men who have sex with men after rectal chlamydia treatment. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2020; 47(6): 389-394 doi: 10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001166

Lu Y, Wang X, Li P, Zhang T, Zhou J, Ren Y, Ding Y, Peng H, We Q, You K, Ong JJ, Fairley CK, Grulich AE, Huang M, Gao Y, Zou H. Clinical characteristics and prognosis of anal squamous cell carcinoma: a retrospective audit of 144 patients from 11 cancer hospitals in southern China. BMC Cancer. 2020; 20:679



Maddaford K, Fairley CK, Trumpour S, Chung M, Chow EPF. Sites in the oropharynx reached y different methods of using mouthwash: clinical implication for oropharyngeal gonorrhoea prevention.  Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2020; 95(5): 358-360. doi:10.1136/sextrans-2019-054158

Martín-Sánchez M, Fairley CK, Bradshaw CS, Chen MY, Chow EPF. Meningococcal vaccine uptake among men who have sex with men in response to an invasive meningococcal C disease outbreak in Melbourne, Australia. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2020; 96(4): 246-250 doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2019-054318 

Martín-Sánchez M, Ong JJ, Fairley CK, Chen MY, Williamson DA, Maddaford K, Aung ET, Carter G, Bradshaw CS, Chow EPF. Clinical presentation of asymptomatic and symptomatic heterosexual men who tested positive for urethral gonorrhoea at a sexual health clinic in Melbourne, Australia. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2020;20:486 doi:10.1186/s12879-020-05197-y

Murray GL, Bodiyabadu K, Danielewski J, Garland SM, Machalek DA, Fairley CK, Jensen JS, Williamson DA, Tan LY, Mokany E, Durukan D, Bradshaw CS. Moxifloxacin and Sitafloxacin Treatment Failure in Mycoplasma genitalium Infection: Association with parC Mutation G248T (S83I) and Concurrent gyrA Mutations. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2019; 221(6): 1017-1024 doi:10.1093/infdis/jiz550 

Murray GL, Danielewski J, Bradshaw CS, Williamson DA, Birnie J, Su JP, De Petra V, Tan LY, Wee R, Machalek DA, Read TRH, Garland SM. Performance of the ResistancePlus MG diagnostic test for Mycoplasma genitalium using samples collected with Hologic Aptima Specimen Collection kits. Journal of Medical Microbiology. 2020; 69:244–248 doi:10.1099/jmm.0.001140


Ong JJ, Li CC, Fu H, et al. Risk attitudes, risky sexual behaviours and willingness to test negative for syphilis using lottery-based financial incentives among Chinese men who have sex with men. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2020;96(5):355-357 doi:10.1136/sextrans-2019-054072


Peel J, Bradshaw CS. Mycoplasma genitalium. The state of play. Medicine Today. 2020; 21(3):41-43

Phillips TR, Fairley CK, Maddaford K, Danielewski J, Hocking JS, Lee D, Williamson DA, Murray G, Kong F, De Petra V, Bradshaw CS, Chen MY, Wigan R, Snow A, Howden BP, Garland SM, Chow EPF. Bacterial load of Chlamydia trachomatis in the posterior oropharynx tonsillar fossae and saliva among gay and bisexual men with untreated oropharyngeal chlamydia. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 2020; 58(1) e0137519 doi:10.1128/JCM.01375-19

Plummer EL, Vodstrcil LA, Murray GL, Fairley CK, Danielewski JA, Garland SM, Chow EPF, Bulatch DM, Fethers KA, Hocking JS, Bradshaw CS. Gardnerella vaginalis clade distribution is associated with behavioural practices and Nugent Score in women who have sex with women. Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2020; 221(3): 454-463 doi.10.1093/infdis/jiz474 


Ryan KE, Asselin J, Fairley CK, Armishaw J, Lal L, Nguyen L, Murphy D, Traeger M, Hellard M, Hoy J, Stoové M, Wright E. Trends in HIV and STI testing among gay bisexual and other men who have sex with men following rapid scale-up pf PrEP in Victoria, Australia. Sexually Transmitted Diseases.  2020; 47(8): 516-524 doi:10.1097/OLQ.0000000000001187 


Shang X, Hodge AM, Peng W, He M, Zhang L. Are Leading Risk Factors for Cancer and Mental Disorders Multimorbidity Shared by These Two Individual Conditions in Community-Dwelling Middle-Aged Adults?. Cancers (Basel). 2020;12(6):1700  doi:10.3390/cancers12061700 

Shang X, Peng W, Hill E, Szoeke C, He M, Zhang L. Incidence, Progression, and Patterns of Multimorbidity in Community-Dwelling Middle-Aged Men and Women. Frontiers in Public Health. 2020;8(404) 

Shen M, Peng Z, Guo Y, Rong L, Li Y, Xiao Y, Zhuang G, Zhang L. Assessing the effects of metropolitan-wide quarantine on the spread of COVID-19 in public space and households. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2020;96:503-505 doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2020.05.019 

Suphaphiphat K, Bernard-Stoecklin S, Gommet C, Delache B, Dereuddre-Bosquet N, Kent SJ, et al. Innate and Adaptive Anti-SIV Responses in Macaque Semen: Implications for Infectivity and Risk of Transmission. Frontiers in Immunology. 2020;11(850) doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2020.00850



Tao Y, Chen MY, Tucker JD, Ong JJ, Tang W, Ong NSW, Chu M, Zhuang X, Fairley CK, Zhang L. A Nationwide Spatiotemporal Analysis of Syphilis over 21 Years and Implications for Prevention and Control in China. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2020; 70(1): 136-139 doi:10.1093/cid/ciz331

Templeton DJ, Williamson C, Jin F, Hillman RJ, Roberts JM, Law C, Fairley CK, Garland SM, Grulich AE, Poynten IM. Prevalence and associations of larger burden of intra-anal high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL) at baseline in an Australian cohort of gay and bisexual men :the study of the prevention of anal  cancer (SPANC) Cancer Epidemiology.  2020; 64; 101661  doi:10.1016/j.canep.2019.101661 

Turek EM, Fairley CK, Bradshaw CS, Chen MY, Vodstrcil LA, Snow A, Fortune R, Chow EPF.  Are genital examinations necessary for STI screening for female sex workers: A retrospective study of decriminalized and regulated sex workers in Melbourne. PLOS ONE. 2020; 15(4): e0231547. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0231547


Vanderven HA, Barr I, Reynaldi A, Wheatley AK, Wines BD, Davenport MP, Hogarth M, Kent SJ. Fc functional antibody responses to adjuvanted versus unadjuvanted seasonal influenza vaccination in community-dwelling older adults. Vaccine. 2020; 38:2368-2377 doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2020.01.066

Vanderven HA, Kent SJ. The protective potential of Fc-mediated antibody functions against influenza virus and other viral pathogens. Immunology & Cell Biology. 2020; 98: 253–263 doi:10.1111/imcb.12312

Vodstrcil LA, Fairley CK, Bradshaw CS, Chen MY, Chow EPF. Immunity to Hepatitis A among men who have sex with men attending a large sexual health clinic in Melbourne, Australia, 2012 – 2018. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2020; 96(4): 265-270 doi:10.1136/sextrans-2019-054327



Wigan R, Vaughn C, Vodstrcil L, et al. "It's just an issue and you deal with it… you just deal with it, you move on and you do it together.": Men's experiences of bacterial vaginosis and the acceptability of male partner treatment. PLoS One. 2020;15(6):e0235286 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0235286 

Williamson DA, Chen MY. Emerging and Reemerging Sexually Transmitted Infections. New England Journal of Medicine. 2020;382(21):2023-2032 doi:10.1056/NEJMra1907194

Williamson D, Chen MY. Reply to Gras. Emerging and Reemerging Sexually Transmitted Infections. New England Journal of Medicine 2020; 383(8): 794-794 84-8. doi:10.1056/NEJMc2022699

Wong J, Tai CM, Hurt AC, Tan HX, Kent SJ, Wheatley AK. Sequencing B cell receptors from ferrets (Mustela putorius furo). PLoS One. 2020 May 29;15(5):e0233794. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0233794

Wragg KM, Tan HX, Kristensen AB, et al. High CD26 and Low CD94 Expression Identifies an IL-23 Responsive Vδ2+ T Cell Subset with a MAIT Cell-like Transcriptional Profile. Cell Reports. 2020;31(11):107773 doi:10.1016/j.celrep.2020.107773


Zappulla A, Fairley CK, Donovan B, Guy R, Bradshaw CS, Chen MY, Phillips TR, Maddaford K, Chow EPF. Sexual practices of female sex workers in Melbourne, Australia: an anonymous cross-sectional questionnaire study in 2017–18. Sexual Health.  2020; 17(1): 53-60  doi: 10.1071/SH19037

Zhang L, Tao Y, Shen M, Fairley CK, Guo Y. Can self-imposed prevention measures mitigate the COVID-19 epidemic? PLoS Medicine. 2020: 17(7); e1003240 doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1003240

Zhang L, Tao Y, Wang J, Ong JJ, Zou M, Bai L, Ding M, Shen M, Zhuang G, Fairley CK.  Early characteristics of the COVID-19 outbreak predict the subsequent epidemic scope. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2020;97: 219-224 doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2020.05.122


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